How Medications Help Addiction Treatment
During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Some people striving to quit drugs or alcohol relapse since they cannot deal with withdrawal side effects. For inpatient and outpatient rehab plans they have included medicines in addiction treatment. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.
Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.
Detox And Drug Withdrawal
During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This process is referred to as detoxification. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.
The hardest part of detoxification is having to deal with withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.
During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. They may include
- Intense sadness
- Pain in the muscles
- Excessive perspiration
To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. The doctor might recommend a patient to take some of the following
- These drugs decrease nervousness and irritability.
- Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
- The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
- This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
- Depression is common in withdrawal as the brain has problems producing the 'happy hormones' that are naturally produced.
- Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
- To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
- Sweating, aches, muscle pains and nervousness can be reduced by using Clonidine in the treatment of alcohol and opiate withdrawals.
- Additionally, Clonidine can put an end to tremors and convulsive attack.
The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. Complications can arise while detoxing from other drugs although the withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.
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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal
Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. This event is known as post-acute or prolonged withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.
Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
- The urge to drink can be reduced.
- Sickness and migraine are cause by Naltrexone.
- It can be administered by injection every four weeks.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
- Once alcohol detox is complete the patient can begin to take Acamprosate.
- The craving for alcohol is reduced by Acamprosate since it holds back feelings such as depression and anxiousness.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
- Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
- Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.
Get further information about medical care for alcohol addiction.
Heroin And Drug Addiction Medicines
Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin are all Opiates. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.
Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. Cases of withdrawal symptoms that have lasted for months and even years have been recorded. The urges to use drugs and PAWS can be treated using long-term replacement medications. A recovering addict should take these medicines until they are completely free.
Medicines used to treat Heroin and pain relief addictions include
- Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
- Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
- Methadone helps to suppress cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
- People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
- Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
- Get further information about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- The addiction potential is less in Buprenorphine yet it works like a Methadone.
- This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
- The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
- It puts an end to cravings.
- Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Detoxing And Rehab
A few people detox all alone. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.
A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.
Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. Doctors record the patient's heart scale, body heat, breathing rate and fluid levels. Doctors assist alleviate any pain the patient can be passing through. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.
Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.
Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.
Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 246 1509.