Explaining Drug Addiction
That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapsing is when a person starts to use drugs again after he/she attempted to quit.
The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. This unrelenting craving results from the effects of the drug on the brain over time. The portion of the human brain that controls human behaviour, learning and memory, and reward and motivation are negatively influenced by addiction.
Addiction influences both behaviour and the brain.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
There is, but it is a long journey. Since addiction is a chronic illness, curing it is not as easy as simply stopping the drugs for a few days. To come back to their old lives and overcome drug addiction totally, many addicts will require repeated or prolonged care periods.
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Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following
- quit utilising drugs
- stay drug free
- achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Standards Of Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
- Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
- To be successful, the treatment plan should not focus on the addiction only but the whole person.
- Going through with the programme is essential.
- Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
- A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
- A treatment plan must be evaluated frequently and adapted to suit the changing requirements of the patient.
- Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
- The first stage, medically assisted detoxification, is only the beginning of treatment.
- Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
- Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
- Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
Effective treatment comprises many steps
- Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
- behavioural counselling
- medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
- evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
- Relapse prevention through long-term check-ups
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Is Medication Employed In Substance Dependency Treatment?
Managing withdrawal symptoms, preventing relapse, and treating coexisting conditions are accomplished through medication use.
- Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Patients who only go through detoxification and don't have any additional treatment typically relapse back into drug use. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
- Preventing A Relapse The cravings for drugs can be lowered and normal brain functions restored in the patients with the help of medications. Medications are accessible for management of opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers), tobacco (nicotine), and alcohol dependence. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence It's really common for addicts to use more than one drug and they will need treatment for each substance.
Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?
Behavioural treatments aid patients
- Change their behaviour toward and the way the think about their drug use
- increase wholesome life skills
- carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
A patient can get treatment in several different environments using different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. The greater parts of the projects include individual or group drug advising, or both.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like
- Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
- multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
- Motivational interviewing has been used to prepare a patient to accept their problem and wants to change their actions by seeking help
- Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
Residential treatment setting samples
- In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
- Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
- Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. People can move onto independent life through recovery housing - it assists them for example to learn financial management or job hunting, while linking them to community based support groups.
Problems Of Re-Admission
Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.